Making Sense of Census 2000
Subject Area:
Mathematics
Grade Level(s):
8
Duration of Activity:
3  4 days
Description of Activity:
This activity is designed to investigate realworld mathematics with a social studies emphasis. Students will go online to http://www.census.gov/ to analyze current statistics about the population in the United States and of their home state of Mississippi. The students will work individually with the aid of graphing calculators to create and solve realworld equations and inequalities from data found in the tables and/or maps included in this Web site. Cooperative groups will research statistics and make comparisons of the statistics from the 1990 Census to the 2000 Census and compose an informative newsletter to reveal their findings.
Objectives:
The student will
 research a selected site on the World Wide Web.
 analyze and compare statistical information.
 write and solve realworld equations and inequalities using technology.
 learn how to create an informative newsletter.
Materials/Equipment:
 Computers
 Internet access
 Microsoft Publisher 2000 software or other appropriate software program
 Graphing calculators
 Handout 1: Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: Census 2000 / http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/tab02.xls
 Handout 2: Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 (Census 2000) and April 1, 1990 (1990 Census) and State Rank as of 2000 and State Rank as of 1990 / http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/tab04.xls
 Handout 3: Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 (Census 2000) and April 1, 1990 (1990 Census) and Numeric and Percent Change for 1990 to 2000 / http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/tab05.xls
 Handout 4: Percent Change in Resident Population for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: 1990 to 2000 / http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/map01.gif
Note: Handouts 14 are not available on this site. Print these resources directly from the Web. Handouts 14 may be accessed in PDF, Excel, and ASCII formats from the following Web site:
U.S. Resident Population
http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/respop.html
 Handout 5: Creating a Newsletter in Microsoft Publisher
 Handout 6: Rubric to Assess Newsletter
 Handout 7: Assessment for Writing and Solving Algebraic Equations and Expressions
Prerequisites (skills or background needed):
 Basic computer skills that will allow the students to use publishing software
 The ability to read map legends
 The ability to use a URL to locate a Web site
 The ability to follow instructions for creating a newsletter
Procedure
Teacher Component:
The teacher will
 instruct the students to investigate the statistical information provided in Handouts14: Resident Population Tables and Maps and send the students to the Web site at http://www.census.gov/ to locate and print information that will be used in a group newsletter
 instruct the students to use data from Handout 1: Resident Population Tables and Maps to create realworld equation and inequality problems and provide the solutions using the graphing calculator. The student can review the online resources from Handout 1: Resident Population Tables and Maps and select some data that he or she finds interesting. Provide the student with Handout 7: Assessment for Writing and Solving Algebraic Equations and Expressions to help the student write the equation and inequality problems.
 provide Handout 5: Creating a Newsletter in Microsoft Publisher and instruct the students to work in cooperative groups to analyze the statistics and to compose a newsletter.
 distribute for student use Handout 6: Rubric to Assess Newsletter, which the students can use as a guideline in assessing each newsletter created by each group.
Student Activities:
The student will
 work individually using the Handout 1: Resident Population Tables and Maps to write and solve equations and inequalities using graphing calculators. Use Handout 7: Assessment for Writing and Solving Algebraic Equations and Expressions for instructions on writing and solving the equations.
 use Handout 1: Resident Population Tables and Maps and go to the Web site http://www.census.gov to locate and print information that will be used in a group newsletter.
 after individually locating and printing information from the Web site, students will begin working in cooperative groups to analyze the information and to plan how the data will be used to create the group newsletter following the steps for composing the newsletter in cooperative groups using Handout 5: Steps to Create a Newsletter in Microsoft Publisher.
 assess the newsletter created by their individual groups using Handout 6: Rubric to Assess Newsletter.
Accommodations:
 Working in cooperative groups will allow those who are not as knowledgeable as others in their group to receive assistance from their peers when working with software such as Microsoft Publisher.
 Teacher will provide individual assistance when needed.
 Teacher may provide hard copies of Handout 1: Resident Population Tables and Maps prior to the project if time is a factor.
 Teacher can provide other examples of equations that are written from the data.
Extension Activities:
 The student will generate a graph comparing data from the Census 1990 and the Census 2000.
 The student will compose a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation showing the results of the analysis of the Census 2000 data.
 The student will compose an assigned number of questions that will be answered from the data by another classmate.
Integration:
 Social Studies
 Language Arts
 Technology
Assessments:
 Handout 7: Assessment for Writing and Solving Algebraic Equations and Expressions
 Handout 6: Rubric to Assess Newsletter
 Teacher observation of group participation activities
URLs:
 U.S. Census Bureau
http://www.census.gov
 U.S. Resident Population
http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/respop.html
 FactFinder Kids' Corner!
http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/kids/kids.html
 Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: Census 2000
http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/tab02.xls
 Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 (Census 2000) and April 1, 1990 (1990 Census) and State Rank as of 2000 and State Rank as of 1990
http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/tab04.xls
 Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 (Census 2000) and April 1, 1990 (1990 Census) and Numeric and Percent Change for 1990 to 2000
http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/tab05.xls
 Percent Change in Resident Population for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: 1990 to 2000
http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/map01.gif
Curriculum Frameworks
Mississippi:
Eighth Grade
 Apply concepts and perform basic operations using real numbers.
 Solve reallife problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers.
 Use properties to create and simplify algebraic expressions and solve linear
equations and inequalities.
 Write a corresponding reallife situation from an algebraic expression.
 Apply the concepts of ratio, proportion, and percent to solve reallife problems.
 Write and solve reallife problems using percents with and without calculators.
 Interpret, organize, and make predictions about a variety of data using
concepts of probability and statistics.
 Interpret tables and charts.
National Educational Technology Standards (NETS):
 Use contentspecific tools, software, and simulations (e.g., environmental
probes, graphing calculators, exploratory environments, Web tools) to support learning and
research. (3,5)
 Apply productivity/multimedia tools and peripherals to support personal
productivity, group collaboration, and learning throughout the curriculum. (3,6)
 Design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., Web pages, videotapes)
using technology resources that demonstrate and communicate curriculum concepts to audiences
inside and outside the classroom. (4,5,6)
 Collaborate with peers, experts, and others using telecommunications and collaborative tools to investigate curriculumrelated problems, issues, and information, and to develop solutions or products for audiences inside and outside the classroom. (4,5)
 Select and use appropriate tools and technology resources to accomplish a variety of tasks and solve problems. (5,6)
TerraNova:
15 Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability (Level 1021/22)
Analyze, interpret, and evaluate data in various forms; and apply the concepts and processes of data analysis, statistics, and probability to realworld situations.
Represent and interpret data, model probability situations, describe trends, and evaluate or
construct arguments based on data.
16 Patterns, Functions, Algebra (Level 1021/22)
Recognize and extend patterns.
Demonstrate an understanding of functional relationships, algebraic processes, variables, and inequality.
Recognize algebraic representations of problem situations and apply algebraic methods to solve
realworld problems.
Create and model patterns and functional relationships, and use algebraic representations
to model problems.
Link and Feedback to Author(s):
Charlotte Moore, Booneville Middle School, Booneville, MS
cmoore@booneville.k12.ms.us
