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Fun with Fragments

Subject Area: Language Arts

Grade Level(s): 6-7

Duration of Activity: Three or four, 55-minute class periods

Description of Activity:

Following an introduction to the identification of sentences and sentence fragments using a Microsoft Power Point presentation, students will distinguish between sentences and sentence fragments using a worksheet and an interactive Web site, QUIA / http://www.quia.com/pop/13222.html. A traditional worksheet will be used to reinforce acquired skills, and the online quiz will provide evaluation and immediate feedback to students. For formal assessment of the lesson, students will open a template file, rename it as a document file using Microsoft Word or other word-processing software, identify and correct sentence fragments, and print the document for a grade.

Objectives:

  • To teach students the characteristics of a complete sentence
  • To teach students to recognize the difference between a complete sentence and a sentence fragment
  • To change incomplete sentence fragments into correctly written sentences
  • To reinforce technology skills by using an interactive Web site on the World Wide Web to identify sentences and sentence fragments
  • To reinforce word-processing skills by identifying and correcting sentence fragments from a template using a word processing program

Materials/Equipment:

  • Computers with Internet access
  • Microsoft Word and Microsoft PowerPoint software or other word-processing and multimedia presentation software
  • Large-screen monitor or projection device for classroom viewing
  • Color printer
  • Handout 1: Fun with Fragments, a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation
  • Handout 2: Creating Screen Captures to Include in Documents
  • Handout 3: Sentences and Sentence Fragments
  • Handout 4: Finding Fragments

Prerequisites (skills or background needed):

  • Students should have basic word-processing skills.
  • Students should have basic skills in navigating and locating information using the World Wide Web.

Procedure

Teacher Component: The teacher will

  1. save Handout 4: Finding Fragments as a template file to each student computer prior to class. If classroom computers are not available, arrange to save the file as a template on computers in the Media Center.
  2. introduce the concepts of sentences and sentence fragments using Handout 1: Fun With Fragments, a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation.
  3. provide students with additional practice to reinforce skills using a traditional pencil and paper worksheet Handout 3: Sentences and Sentence Fragments. Answers will be reviewed and discussed as a class activity.
  4. guide students in the process of locating and using an online practice activity at the Web site, QUIA / http://www.quia.com/pop/13222.html, to identify sentences and sentence fragments. Students will work through this online practice activity by selecting from the drop-down menu the appropriate response.

    instruct students to make a print screen copy of their score sheet and paste it into a Microsoft Word document, create a header for the purpose of student/class identification, name and save the document, and print it for a daily grade. Distribute Handout 2: Creating Screen Captures to Include in Documents to use with this activity.

  5. provide assistance as students open the template file, Handout 4: Finding Fragments, and rename and save it as a Microsoft Word document file. How To Create and Use and Edit a Template File.
  6. instruct students to complete Handout 4: Finding Fragments as an assessment activity. Remind students to key their names on the document or create a header for student/class identification as instructed with Handout 2. Remind students to use the Print Preview option to make sure the header information is accurate before printing.
  7. provide keyboarding assistance as students work to complete and print Handout 4: Finding Fragments.
  8. assess student corrections of sentence fragments from printout of Handout 4: Finding Fragments.

Student Activities: The student will

  1. distinguish between sentences and sentence fragments by discussing information from a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation, Handout 1: Fun With Fragments.
  2. complete and then review a traditional pencil and paper worksheet, Handout 3: Sentences and Sentence Fragments, to reinforce acquired skills in identifying sentences and sentence fragments.
  3. correctly identify sentences and sentence fragments for a daily grade using an online interactive Web site, QUIA / http://www.quia.com/pop/13222.html by selecting from the drop-down menu the appropriate response, sentence or fragment.
  4. learn to make a print screen copy of his/her score sheet and paste it into a Microsoft Word document using Handout 2: Creating Screen Captures to Include in Documents.
  5. create a screen capture of his/her score on this online activity and submit a printed copy to the teacher that includes his/her name, the date, and the class period.
  6. be instructed how to open the template file, Handout 4: Finding Fragments, rename, and save it as a Microsoft Word document file.
  7. identify and correct sentence fragments in the paragraphs of the document, Handout 4: Finding Fragments.
  8. complete Handout 4: Finding Fragments as an assessment activity. Be reminded to key his/her name on the document or create a header for student/class identification as learned with Handout 2.

Accommodations:

  • Students may be paired for the computer activities or take turns completing the computer activities if an adequate number of computers are not available for individual student use.
  • Time after school or during free periods may be allowed for students who perform slower at the computer to complete the graded activities.

Extension Activities:

  • The teacher may use copies of actual student work for viewing and correcting sentence fragments found in student compositions. Names and identifying characteristics should be removed before viewing student work. The teacher may project samples using a FlexCam and a large-screen monitor or other projection device, if available, or copies of the compositions may be made using a copy machine.
  • Students can locate examples of sentence fragments in magazine advertisements. These examples can be cut out and arranged on poster boards which can be displayed throughout the classroom. Students then may correct the fragments on the posters as a class activity.

Integration:

  • Language Arts
  • Technology

Assessments:

  1. Teacher observation and questioning will be used throughout all activities.
  2. Handout 3: Sentences and Sentence Fragments will be discussed in class and evaluated by the student.
  3. The online activity at QUIA / http://www.quia.com/pop/13222.html is self-graded and provides immediate feedback to the student. Using the Print Screen feature to copy and paste the online activity, saving it as a Microsoft Word document, and printing it will allow the teacher to record the students grades at a later time.
  4. The teacher will formally assess the corrected sentence fragments from the student printouts of Handout 4: Finding Fragments.

URLs:

Curriculum Frameworks

Mississippi:

Sixth Grade & Seventh Grade

  1. Complete projects and tasks in an organized and coherent manner. (R, W, S, L, V)

    1. Follow logical sequence/multi-step directions to complete a product.
  2. Demonstrate continuous progress toward control of penmanship, grammar, mechanics, sentence structure, and usage of standard English in the context of writing and speaking. (R, W, S, L, V)

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of grammar and usage, including, but not limited to, parts of speech, all punctuation marks, capitalization, verb tense, subject-verb agreement, subordination, pronoun reference, and basic sentence elements.
    2. Interact with increasing competency using standard English skills when writing and speaking in a variety of situations.
    3. Apply correct grammar skills in speaking and writing.
    4. Apply correct usage in speaking, writing, and editing/proofreading.
    5. Use correct sentence structure in speaking, writing, and editing/proofreading.
  3. Acquire and use appropriate vocabulary and spelling concepts. (R, W, S, L, V)

    1. Demonstrate correct spelling.
    2. Utilize the dictionary, thesaurus, and/or computerized spell check as reference tools.
    3. Use appropriate vocabulary for specific situations, purposes, and audiences.

National Educational Technology Standards (NETS)/ Grades 68:

  1. Use content-specific tools, software, and simulations (e.g., environmental probes, graphing calculators, exploratory environments, Web tools) to support learning and research. (3, 5)
  2. Select and use appropriate tools and technology resources to accomplish a variety of tasks and solve problems. (5, 6)

TerraNova:

07 Sentence Structure
Demonstrate an understanding of conventions for writing complete and effective sentences, including treatment of subject and verb, punctuation, and capitalization.

Link and Feedback to Author(s):

Wanda Epting, Coleman Middle School, Greenville, MS
wepting1417@yahoo.com

Handout 1: Fun with Fragments PowerPoint Acrobat
Handout 2: Creating Screen Captures Word Acrobat
Handout 3: Sentence and Sentence Fragments Word Acrobat
Handout 4: Finding Fragments Word Acrobat
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